A bone marrow aspiration, biopsy, or both are done for several reasons:
- To look for the cause of problems with red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets in people who have conditions such as thrombocytopenia, anemia, or abnormal white blood cell count.
- To find blood disorders, such as leukemia, certain anemia’s, or problems that affect the bone marrow, such as multiple myeloma or polycythemia vera.
- To check to see if a known cancer, such as Hodgkin’s lymphoma or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, has spread to the bone marrow. This is part of what is called staging. It is done to find out if the cancer has spread and how much it has spread. This helps plan cancer treatment.
- To find infections or tumors that may start in or spread to the bone marrow. If you have an infection, a culture and sensitivity test of the bone marrow sample may be used to find out which antibiotics will work best to treat the infection.
- To find the best treatment for a bone marrow problem. Once treatment has been started, a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be done to see if the leukemia cells are gone, which means the treatment is working.
- Collect a sample of bone marrow for medical procedures, such as stem cell transplantation for chromosomal analysis.
The reasons can be varied. It really depends on what you are looking for. Sometimes it can be just to look at the condition of your cells. Cells can be checked for chromosome problems. Cultures can be done to look for infection. Using your own stem cells in a transplant is safer than using someone else’s because your body will not reject you own stem cells. But since they may still contain some cancer cells, the stem cells may be treated to get rid of any cancer cells before being put back into your body. Not every hospital is able to perform transplants. You may have to travel to a hospital that has special equipment and specially trained doctors and nurses. After you start to heal, however, you will be transferred back to your primary oncologist. He or she will be able to take over your care at that point. You will probably be back home at this point of your recovery. All precautions will he followed to make sure that your bone marrow transplant is successful.
By choosing to work with the professionals at ATS/Progenicare, you are guaranteed that you will be using the latest in scientific research and that you are working with the most skilled professionals that there are. They are innovative and dedicated to their work. You will feel very confident when working with them. They have trained professionals that work directly with you in the operating room. They are there with their expertize and they offer the best advice and information. They want the patient to be completely informed before you go through any kind of procedure. You can rest assured that they will help with any decisions that have to be made with the patient’s best interests at the forefront.